A Quick Peek at its History, Geography, Climate, Demographics, and Much More!
Thirty-five thousand years ago, human explorers arrived in Spain. Originally, Spain was called Hispania. It was mainly home to Iberians, Basques, and Celts at that time. Later, archeologists successfully discovered cave paintings in Altamira that prove each of these early human settlements.
When the Roman Empire expanded their periphery, Spain came under its territory in 200 B.C. However, it took great endeavors on the part of the Romans to conquer all this. However, once they had conquered it, they ruled on it for more than six centuries. Afterward, the local people adapted their way of lifestyle. Apart from the Latin script, the legislation, as well as the Roman roads, were introduced. Back in the days, things like gold, wool, wine, and olive oil used to export from Spain harbors.
By the 8th century, Spain was mainly ruled by Moorish Muslims. They were an Islamic army from North Africa. They used to subordinate Christians for their Islamic rule. Christians had to pay taxes and had an inferior civil and social status for the majority of the folks of that time. Gradually, the conversion to Islam took place until the 10th century, when, during their rule, Córdoba became the richest and most elegant city in this region of Europe. Cultures mixed, with Muslims taking their traditions from their homeland to East and North Africa.
Spain, by its riches and imperial territories, dominated Europe throughout the 16th and 17th centuries. These covered the territory of the United States, towns in Northern Africa, portions of Italy, and some of the territories of the Netherlands, France, Belgium, Germany, and Luxembourg today. The union of Spain brought with it a time of discovery, which the Spaniards took by land and sea. This made them come across new business routes and familiar with all the precious metals, agricultural plants, and species of that time. Consequently, Spanish wanderers acquire the world knowledge that has made Europe the revolutionary place it is today.
Spain is a European nation situated on the Iberian Peninsula in the Mediterranean region, making it a flyover between Europe and Africa. 85% of the Iberian Peninsula is inhabited by Spain, which it equally divides with Portugal and south-west Europe. And Africa is less than 10 miles (16 km) south of the Strait of Gibraltar. A vast central plateau slants south and east, crossed by a multitude of mountain ranges and river valleys. The major rivers are the Ebro in the north-east, the Guadalquivir in the south, and the Tajo in the central area.
The temperature zone of Spain is divided into three categories. One of which is Mediterranean weather responsible for sunny & warm summers. It’s one of the most common weather in Spain. Followed up by a semiarid climate because of which, in the southeastern part of the country, dry weather surpasses the Summers. Lastly, there’s an Oceanic climate, due to which seasonal droughts occur from time to time. Well, the Sierra Nevada, Canary Islands, and some of the other regions of Spain are aligned to Subtropical and Alpine weather.
Thus, Spain is one of the warmest countries in Europe. By the way, the country goes through all the four seasons, such as Winters, Sumers, Spring, and Fall. However, overall the climate in Spain is quite dry, with the temperature up to 30 degrees Celsius during the daytime and below 20 degrees Celsius at night. Having said that, the overall weather of Spain is quite diverse, which changes from one location to another in the country.
Currently, Spain has a total population of approx 46.54 million people, which is foresight to get 47 million by the year 2023. Besides, the population density of Spain is 93.67 people per square km. So, Spain is quite smaller in comparison to many other European countries. Also, Spaniards constitute a whopping 80% of complete Spain’s population.
The following demographic statistics are from the World Population Review in 2019.